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How to Build a Bar – DIY Step by Step Guide

How to Build a Bar – DIY Step by Step Guide

I always wanted a home bar, but I didn’t have a large budget. So I figured out how to build a bar on my own and created DIY bar plans with a cut list to simplify the project.

I had ZERO woodworking experience at the time, but I decided to learn how to build a bar because I couldn’t afford to pay someone to build it.

how to build a bar

How to Build a Bar Without Woodworking Skills

As a former aircraft mechanic in the Air Force, I learned the basics of using tools but I had no idea how to work with wood.

There is a sense of accomplishment that I get from building things and making things work again.

So, I knew I could figure out how to build a bar if I took my time and broke it down step by step.

If you don’t any woodworking or tool experience then this a good place to start to build a dry bar.

Home Bar Measurements

I did not follow these measurements exactly, but these are good guidelines to use when figuring out your bar area.

If you are a beginner with woodworking than you will also find our lumber guide helpful. The lumber guide helps break down the measurements of wood to make it easier to purchase wood.

how to build a bar

Standard Bar Measurements

  • Standard home bar height is 42 in
  • The overhang should be at least 8 in
  • Most bar stools are 30 in tall
  • Normal bar top is 16 to 20 in. wide, including the molding
  • Chicago bar rail for resting your arms
  • The drink rail is nice but I didn’t include this in my bar
  • A drip lip keeps spills contained to the bar top
  • A lower counter is not necessary for a home bar and adds complexity, but you’re welcome to add it.
  • 2 feet per bar stool is the standard but the more the better
  • The foot rail should be 7 to 9 in. off the floor

Size of My Home Bar

My DIY bar is about 8 feet long on the front side, 5 feet on the on the left side, and 3 feet on the right side. Keep in mind the bar top will overlap on both sides of the bar and be much wider than this.

Our detailed instructions in this post and in our bar plans are a great foundation to build from. Many customers have used the plans as a rough guideline to get them started then they adjust the size of the bar to fit in their home.

Tools Required to Build a Home Bar:

How to Build a Bar Frame

Getting started with a woodworking project is the hardest part because you can overthink it.

Take this bar one step at a time to prevent feeling overwhelemed.

Start with building a home bar frame using I used basic wood screws and 2×6’s.

It’s easier if you lay it on the ground and construct it in 3 pieces (walls if you will), then put it together.

bar area

There are two 2×6’s on each end of the large wall just wide enough so that the other smaller wall 2×6’s attach to it and provide additional support.

My bar frame measure 84.5 inches across the front of the bar and is about 40 inches tall.

Standard bar height is 42, but the bar top will add a few inches as well. If you want to learn more about the standard height, you will find this post helpful.

Don’t mind the beer cans in the picture. Beer isn’t required, but it is recommended.

how to build a bar
Basement Bar Frame

Make Sure Your Home Bar Frame is Level

It’s important that the tops of all sides are level at this point or it can cause problems down the road.

I made the mistake of not checking this and my bar top is not level on the one side, but luckily it still looks and works fine.

There is nothing attaching the basement bar to the wall at this point, so be careful not to tip the bar while working on it.

You definitely should hold off one mounting at this point because adjustments may need to be made the bar.

It is recommended to mount a bar after you are finished the project to prevent tipping even if your floor feels levels.

What To Do If there Are Gaps

Don’t worry if there are gaps on the corners, as these will be covered later by trim pieces.

I randomly placed screws on the perimeter of the frame, where I knew it would be covered by trim.

It’s important not to put it in the center of the frame where it will be seen later. If you need additional details on how to build a bar frame, you will find our other bar post helpful.

Wrap the Frame in Plywood

After finishing up the bar framing, I wrapped the bar in plywood on all exterior sides with 3/4 inch pine plywood.

Pine is softer wood but it keeps costs lower and the grain looks great after staining the bar.

diy bar
Bar Frame with plywood attached

When adhering the plywood to the bar frame remember to predrill the holes.

Pre-drilling will make your life much easier and prevent the wood from cracking.

At this point I didn’t use wood glue to attach to the frame but you can if you want.

bar framining
Behind the bar

How to Add Trim to a DIY Bar

Now the bar should be wrapped in plywood, so it is time to add the trim on the exterior.

To adhere the trim I started with 1×8’s of pine to the bottom of the bar then I used wood glue and finish nails

wood bar
Scroll down for the after!

Finish nails look cleaner and are easier to conceal when building a home bar.

I recommend pre-drilling your holes to prevent the wood from cracking.

After attaching the 1x8s to the bottom of the bar, I attached 1x4s of pine on the sides and top sections.

I also, used wood glue and finish nails to attached the trim to the sides of the bar.

diy bar
Adding the trim to the basement bar

Final Touches to the Trim

This is what the bar trim should look like after you finish attaching it. I added a basic pattern to the front of the home bar, figuring 4 bar stools would fit nicely.

diy bar

Home Bar Trim Design

Measuring out a space for where each bar stool would sit then used 1×6’s, wood glue, and finish nails again.

I also, measured the sides of the bar to add the same pattern to the sides.

The trim pieces on the bar are adhered with wood glue then pre-drilled for the finish nails.

Pre-drilling allowed the finish nails to attach to the studs (frame) behind it, but an extra nail or two wouldn’t hurt.

how to build a basement bar

If you want to avoid adding all of the trim pieces and save yourself all the cuts then you can add shiplap instead.

Adding shiplap or similar wood planks will save time on cuts and measurements.

Now that the trim pieces have been put on it is starting to come together. At this point I haven’t even touched the inside of the home bar yet.

Home Bar Ideas

If you prefer a different look on the front of your bar, here are home bar ideas that you probably haven’t seen before.

Some of these home bar ideas require less lumber and cuts, so this will simplify the design of your bar.

So, if you are overwhelmed without the amount of trim used on our bar, you might be interested in one of these other home bar ideas.

If you want home bar blueprints for this exact bar with measurements, bar cut list, and shopping list, then you will like our DIY Bar Plan!


When building a DIY home bar you will have two “layers”. The first layer, or sub bar top, I needed two pieces to span the bar.

I needed two pieces because one couldn’t fit the length of the bar.

These pieces can just be any standard 3/4 inch plywood because another plywood piece.

Pine or wood of your choosing will go on top of this for added stability.

It’s also needed for the Chicago bar rail along the edges, if that’s what you choose.

Again, this piece is NOT the top of your bar yet and will not be seen.

Refer to the layout at the top of the page for measurements accounting for how much should overhang.

How to Attach the Bar Top

The bar top is attached using wood glue and screws into the top of the frame with pre-drilled holes again.

I did not do a drink rail in the back but you’re welcome to give it a shot.

I measured this about 16 times before cutting because you can see each piece is “L” shaped.

They needed to align seamlessly (in reality they don’t because another piece will cover it).

This piece hangs over 8 inches in the front and roughly 4 inches in the back.

One regret I have was not making the bar top a little bigger.

Even though the bar top is plenty big, it’s just personal preference.


Before measuring and cutting the top later, make sure you look up directions on the bar rail that you’re getting!

The bar rail that I used was from Home Depot. It is a 1-1/8 in. x 4-1/2 in. Oak Chicago Bar Rail Molding.

Unfortunately, I don’t have a picture after stacking the second layer of the top.

It was about 1 1/2 inches shorter in the front (any place the bar rail will touch) than the bottom piece.

Make sure to read the directions on the Chicago bar rail you’re buying before measuring and cutting the second top piece.

I strongly recommend this because this what the bar rail rests on (see above).

The top piece was pine plywood then adhered with wood glue and wood screws.

I drilled the wood screws in from the BOTTOM, so that the screw heads weren’t visible.

Make sure that the screws won’t penetrate the top when screwed in.

If you are ever in doubt, then hold a screw next to it to see how far it’ll go into the next piece.

Bar Top Ideas

If you prefer a different bar top design or want to avoid using Chicago bar rail then we have some other bar top ideas.

These home bars were built by our readers using our diy bar plans.

Here are bar top ideas to inspire you to put your own personal touch on your home bar.

Bar Shelving

Building the bar shelves first involved creating a frame on the bottom. The frame is made of basic 2×4’s and attaching to the frame of the bar.

home bar
How to Build Bar Shelves

Then I cut a bar shelf to fit the frame size, with leftover pieces of pine from the bar.

The bar shelves are attached with finish nails. It is best to build the shelves as you go, building it upward.

Meaning don’t just put on the back wall, it has to be stacked as you go.

It will be more clear as your read on while looking closely at the pictures.

If you aren’t crazy about the design of our bar shelves, here are some other bar shelving ideas.

You could to do this another way, have at it because I probably made this more complex than it needed to be.

If you are still struggling with the bar shelves, we have complete home bar blueprints for this exact bar with measurements.

The instructions provide 3D models of this home bar and shelves, a bar cut list, and shopping list.

bar shelving
Building the Bar Shelves

How to Build Bar Shelves

The top bar shelf is supported by 1×4’s in the front support then the back wall as the back support.

To get the 1×4’s in the front to actually support the shelf, but still look clean in the front.

I attached another cut 1×4 piece to the back of the front 1×4’s (basically attaching two 1×4’s to each other) with wood glue and finish nails.

The shelf could then rest on those (back) 1×4’s while still having the front 1×4 untouched.

DIY Bar Shelf Support

For support of the back of the shelf, I cut one of the 3/4 plywood pieces that will go against the back, and the shelf rests on that.

I put trim on the bottom of the shelf to hide the frame with 1x4s again.

Make sure the shelf is level in all directions before permanently attaching them. Aka, drop a pencil on it and see if it rolls.

bar shelves

Again, I did a sandwich type technique to cut another piece of the back of the bar and rest a shelf on top of that, while sandwiching 1×4’s together again for front support.

Attaching the Shelves

Wood glue and finish nails were used when attaching all pieces involving the shelving, since they hide better than screws.

Below is the semi-finished product. You can still see gaps in the corner, which were later covered with quarter round.

dry bar

I used 1/2 inch Birch for the very top shelf only because I had it left over from another project, but the other shelves were again, 3/4 inch pine plywood.

Then I covered the front edge of the plywood with basic 3/4 inch wide trim pieces.

diy bar plans

Basement Bar Shelving Ideas

If you don’t like the look of my basement bar shelves then here are some other bar shelving ideas from our customers.

These shelves were designed by our customers to perfectly fit their space and storage needs.

Small Mini Bar on Wheels

If you are looking to build a smaller bar than our L shaped home bar then you might like this rollaway bar.

This bar cart can be rotated 360 degrees, so you can easily pull this bar on wheels near any tv in your home.

Adding Chicago Bar Rail to Your Home Bar

The bar rail is a separate process in itself because you cut the top of the bar.

Scroll back up to read about the 2nd bar top process. (remember there’s two pieces of plywood stacked on top of each other).

The very top piece should be cut slightly shorter than the bottom piece because the bar rail is notched so that it kind of steps up to the next piece.

how to build a bar

Cutting Chicago Bar Rail Tips

When cutting the Chicago bar rail, you have to build a jig so that it gets cut exactly like it sits on the bar.

Constructing the jig is basically putting two pieces of wood together, with the same 1 ½ inch gap just like the top of the bar.

This should be explained further in the instructions of the bar rail if needed, which is probably easier than I can explain it here.

Even with the jig, I found it to be virtually impossible get the corners to line up perfectly.

I cut the wood multiple times and adjusted the angle, but I couldn’t get it to fit just right.

To fill the gaps I used, wood putty then sanded it like crazy to get the bar rail smooth where other pieces joined together.

The wood putty and sanding really helped to join the pieces together, for a smooth finish.

If you want complete bar blueprints for this homemade bar with measurements, bar cut list, and shopping list, then you will like our DIY Bar Plan!

Finishing Touches To Build a Bar

This is the finished back of the bar, as I added one more trim piece, and then lined the back of the bar top with a couple pieces of 3/4 inch trim to hide the edge of the plywood.

The top of the smaller trim pieces lining the top of the bar, as you can see, actually is “L” shaped that it covers the bar top and back.

build a bar
Basement bar shelves

Finishing Touches – How to Stain the Bar

I sanded the entire bar with a medium grit sand paper then finished with a fine sand paper to leave the bar with a smooth finish.

Next, I stained the bar using Kona Semi-Gloss Stain, an old t-shirt, and a brush to get into smaller areas.

It took about 2-3 coats of Kona stain to get the shade shown on our home built bar.

This stain has the color and polyurethane built in, so I did not need to add a top protective coat to the stain.

We have helpful tips and tricks to staining and wood stain color ideas here!

Rock Solid Rustic – Bar Blueprints!

Rock Solid Rustic DIY Bar Plans include 3D models to build your home bar from the frame to finish.

Everything you need to know is in this post, but the plans include a bar cut list to save you a ton of time and guess work.

DIY Bar Plans

When I moved into my first home I knew that I wanted a home bar in the basement as an additional hangout space for friends and family.

At the time I didn’t have the budget to pay someone to build a bar for me, so instead I made my own home built bar plans.

I decided to share my instructions in this post and I also created 3D bar blueprints, so you can easily learn how to build a bar too!

home built bar

DIY Bar Plans also help simplify how to add shelving, decorative accents, bar rail, and more to your home bar build.

Many customers have said that they never built anything in their life, but with our bar plans they were able to easily make a bar.

How to Pour Epoxy on Bar Top

After building this home bar, I poured epoxy on the top to add shine and protection.

This was my first time pouring epoxy, so I didn’t realize how tedious it could be.

I have made several other bars since this bar, so I learned a few tricks to pour epoxy.

Follow these tips to prevent bubbles in your epoxy with our tips and tricks.

Bar Lighting

To show off the final details of the trim, I added an LED light strip underneath the bar top and shelving.

Adding bar lighting is optional, but highly recommended to bright up the space and show off the bar.

home bar furniture

The lighting in the bar shelving brightly displays the liquor selection, so you can easily see what is available.

If you are looking for more lighting ideas then you will enjoy our post other post on bar lighting.

how to make a bar
Fully stocked home bar

Home Bar Stools

We purchased stools that are 30 inches in height, which are perfect for our homemade bar. If you like the look of our home bar stools, then here are similar bar stools to ours.

The great thing about these bar stools is that they have a foot rest built into the bottom of the stool, so I didn’t even need to add the bar rail to the front of my bar.

Bar Rail for the Bottom of a Home Bar

The bar rail is the foot rest that sits at the bottom a bar, but is optional.

I am yet to add this because they can be rather expensive, but I do think they take a home bar area up a notch.

A bar area doesn’t have to be tedious or complex, and can be made without woodworking experience.

The hardest part is just getting started, so go to the store and buy pieces for the frame.

After you have built the frame, then go back to the hardware store to pick up more wood for the next step.

Buying Wood to Build a Bar

I found it easier to go back and forth the hardware store for wood instead of trying to figure out all of the math ahead of time.

My wife thought I was trying to avoid her nagging by spending so much time at the home improvement store.

Which is kind of true, but I found it easier to build a bar in sections to avoid feeling overwhelmed.

Once you build a bar frame, it adds a whole new level of motivation.

If you want complete blueprints for this exact bar with measurements, bar cut list, and shopping list, then you will like our DIY Bar Plan!

Be sure to comment below and let me know how yours turns out. I’ll try to answer any questions!

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17 plans de bar de sous-sol faits maison faciles - Sampic Apparel

Monday 17th of October 2022

[…] Vérifiez les détails du didacticiel […]


Tuesday 2nd of August 2022

Love the instructions, very helpful and well laid out! I'm finished with the main part of the bar frame and the trim and looking to finish up the top this weekend. Question on the overhang. I noticed you said you wish you would have made it a touch bigger. The plans ultimately show a 18' bar top not including the Chicago Bar Rail and back trim pieces. I was thinking of expanding the top by a few inches (probably keeping it 8.5 inches on guest side and expand from 3 inches to 5 inches on the bartender side) - does that sound about right or would expand it a bit more? Would you go farther on the guest side? Any insights you have would be appreciated!

Also, problems with the bar top sagging at all? Any reason to place brackets under the patron side to keep it from sagging/bending a touch?



Saturday 6th of August 2022

@Lacey, Okay awesome! That's super helpful, thank you very much - appreciate the response.


Friday 5th of August 2022

Hi Dan!

I certainly wouldn't expand on the 'guest side' anymore than it is. I also wouldn't expand it anymore than 2 inches on the 'bartender side' (3 inches to 5 inches), but that's just me. I'm not sure what you mean by brackets but I haven't experienced any sagging/ bending with the bar top if it's done correctly. That said, it certainly wouldn't hurt to add some kind of support to the top of you'd like.


Saturday 25th of June 2022

Incredible instructions, thank you so much for taking the time to help us with these pointers! Wife and I are nearly done building the bar after about 2 days work, such a rewarding project! We are just waiting for the chicago rails to get shipped and we'll be onto the dreaded epoxy. Quick question, love the wood backdrop you did on the wall, thinking about something similar to match our bar colors, any pointers?

Thank you again for your help!


Monday 27th of June 2022

Thanks for the feedback, so happy to hear you found the instructions helpful! Can't wait to see how your bar turns out. We purchased the weathered wood for the backdrop. It was really easy to adhere it to the wall. We have a post on this accent wall here:

All About Chicago Bar Rail - Rock Solid Rustic

Friday 24th of June 2022

[…] you need help with the 2 bar tops and sizing of bar rail, scroll down in this post to the bar top section for […]


Thursday 23rd of June 2022

Great write up. I picked up the 3D plans and they're easy to follow. Question.. Why is it recommended to shim the frame off the ground during the build? If I do that, what should touch the ground, the plywood on the front, the plywood on the back, or the trim (or all 3)?


Friday 24th of June 2022

Thank you! Sorry, we should have explained the shims a little better in our post. We meant to say the shims are meant to support the plywood while you screw it into the frame. -Lacey

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